Public Act 283 Road Millage
In 2015, the Washtenaw County Board of Commissioners used Public Act 283 (P.A. 283) to levy a one-year, 0.5-mill property tax to help address the county’s failing road system at the local level. These funds allowed the Road Commission to plan an additional 32 road projects in 2015, improving an additional 75 miles of township roads. WCRC used P.A. 283 funds to pulverize and repave some of the worst pavement conditions in the county, including sections of Scio Church Rd, North Territorial Rd, Superior Rd and Golfside Rd.
Following a succesful 2015 construction season, the Washtenaw County Board of Commissioners approved a second year of the P.A. 283 millage which will fund a specific list of 2016 projects. The millage will add an additional 29 projects in 2016, improving 58 miles of road.
Map of 2015 & 2016 P.A. 283 Projects:
Frequently Asked Questions
What is P.A. 283?
Public Act 283 (P.A.283) was passed in 1909 to provide communities local control over their roads and established Michigan’s county road commissions. P.A. 283 had two goals: (1) to create uniformity in road construction and maintenance, and (2) provide cost-efficient and high-quality services for local roads. In addition to establishing Michigan’s road commissions, P.A. 283 also outlines a process for county commissions to approve and levy a one-year road millage without a public vote. P.A. 283 guarantees that millage funds are used exclusively for the maintenance of roads, streets, bridges and culverts in the county.
Why was a road millage needed in Washtenaw County?
There is not enough money being generated to maintain the public road system in our county. Road funding in Michigan is based on vehicle registration, gas and diesel taxes. In November 2015, the Michigan Legislature approved a new $1.2 billion road funding package, however, the package does not provide any additional funding until 2017. Furthermore, the package phases in new funding in over the course of five years and WCRC will not get the full extent of funding until 2021. The 2016 P.A. 283 millage will allow WCRC to continue improving roads while awaiting new state road funding.
How are the funds used?
Funds collected from the P.A. 283 millage must be used for roadways, culverts and bridges. The Act requires that the Road Commission, Cities and Villages develop a specific list of projects prior to approving the millage. WCRC used 2014 millage to plan 32 additional road projects in 2015, improving 75 miles of road. Many P.A. 283 projects were preventative seal coats, which will extend the lifespan of roads and save taxpayer dollars.
How much does it cost me?
The Washtenaw County Board of Commissioners approved a one-year, 0.5 mil property tax. The millage taxed property owners $50 for every $100,000 in taxable value, with the average homeowner paying $35 for the one year assessment.
P.A. 283 generated $7.2 million dollars county-wide. Cities and villages received $3 million (proportional to the amount raised within borders) to use on their own roads and WCRC received $4 million to fund projects on township roads, located outside of city and village limits.
How long does the P.A. 283 millage last?
The P.A. 283 millage only provides funding for one year and requires that projects be completed the same year.
How does the P.A. 283 millage work?
- The Road Commission prepares a plan in coordination with cities and villages. This plan includes a list of potential projects that could be funded with a county-wide millage.
- The Board of County Commissioners will vote on whether they will levy a millage. Under the law, counties can levy up to 1-mills for road funding. While voting, the County Commissioners will determine the millage rate.
- If the millage is approved, the County Commission will levy the tax. Cities and villages get the full amount raised in their boarders for their projects. Funds that are raised outside cities and villages will be given to the County Road Commission for the county-wide projects.
- The projects listed in the proposed plan will constructed the following calendar year.